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Posts Tagged / Corona

Corona Related

Christ, not Caesar, Is Head of the Church

A Biblical Case for the Church’s Duty to Remain Open Christ is Lord of all. He is the one true head of the church (Ephesians 1:22; 5:23; Colossians 1:18). He is also King of kings—sovereign over every earthly authority (1 Timothy 6:15; Revelation 17:14; 19:16). The Church should stand immovably on those biblical principles. As […]

And the Church Said Nothing…

Not a topic about apologetics this week. Something else got my attention. Last week I was reading the news items concerning my home country, the Netherlands. One article triggered my attention. It was an interview with a doctor about all the measures the government took and is still taking to prevent people from getting Corona. […]

Not a Virus, but a Weakened Immune System, is the Greatest Threat to Public Health

This article comes from: (https://www.hpdetijd.nl) dr. Carla Peeters (https://www.hpdetijd.nl/auteurs/dr-carla-peeters/) https://www.hpdetijd.nl/2021-09-09/niet-een-virus-maar-een-verzwakt-immuunsysteem-is-de-grootste-bedreiging-voor-de-volksgezondheid/ Translated by Jurgen Hofmann, 21-09-2021 Several scientific studies have now shown that immunity after a natural infection gives a better protection than immunity after Covid-19-vaccination. Natural immunity may well be necessary to build up full protection in the population, writes immunologist dr. Carla Peeters. By […]

Why They Don’t Want the Vaccine

#1 INTRODUCTION #1 introduction – description I have been listening to the discussion about the Covid-19 vaccine. It has almost become a religious debate. My biggest concern is the total misunderstanding of the stance of the so-called refusers. In the media, on the streets, among the politicians, and among worried people, there seems to be […]

Is the Church Losing Her Credibility?

Yes, you heard it right. I am worried about the credibility of the church and with that the message the churches ought to preach. Before I continue, I would like to say that when I talk about Christians and the church I tend to talk about ‘we’ and ‘us’. This is because I believe that […]

Dealing With Corona

To be clear, I am Dutch. Some things I say may not be applicable for those living outside the Netherlands… Or maybe, it does. Anyway. Christians, like all other people in the Netherlands, are affected by the Covid-Sars2 virus. How do we deal with it? Are we going to get caught up in the panic […]

The Corona crisis was expected, but nothing was done.

NOTE: This article was written in March 2020. Some data (e.g. the mortality rate) or adjusted since then. I like to refer to my own video from September 2020 about this topic: Is the Church Losing Her Credibility? By Peter Borger (21-03-2020) It was common knowledge that some strain of Corona virus—sooner or later—was going […]

Christ, not Caesar, Is Head of the Church

A Biblical Case for the Church’s Duty to Remain Open

Does the government has anything to say over the Church?Christ is Lord of all. He is the one true head of the church (Ephesians 1:22; 5:23; Colossians 1:18). He is also King of kings—sovereign over every earthly authority (1 Timothy 6:15; Revelation 17:14; 19:16). The Church should stand immovably on those biblical principles. As God’s people, we are subject to His will and commands as revealed in Scripture. Therefore we cannot acquiesce to a government-imposed moratorium on our weekly congregational worship or other regular corporate gatherings. Compliance would be disobedience to our Lord’s clear commands.

Some will think such a firm statement is inexorably in conflict with the command to be subject to governing authorities laid out in Romans 13 and 1 Peter 2. Scripture does mandate careful, conscientious obedience to all governing authority, including kings, governors, employers, and their agents (in Peter’s words, “not only to those who are good and gentle, but also to those who are unreasonable” [1 Peter 2:18]). Insofar as government authorities do not attempt to assert ecclesiastical authority or issue orders that forbid our obedience to God’s law, their authority is to be obeyed whether we agree with their rulings or not. In other words, Romans 13 and 1 Peter 2 still bind the consciences of individual Christians. We are to obey our civil authorities as powers that God Himself has ordained. See also the series on Romans 13 (linked below this article).

However, while civil government is invested with divine authority to rule the state, neither of those texts (nor any other) grants civic rulers jurisdiction over the church. God has established three institutions within human society: the family, the state, and the church. Each institution has a sphere of authority with jurisdictional limits that must be respected. A father’s authority is limited to his own family. Church leaders’ authority (which is delegated to them by Christ) is limited to church matters. And government is specifically tasked with the oversight and protection of civic peace and well-being within the boundaries of a nation or community. God has not granted civic rulers authority over the doctrine, practice, or polity of the church. The biblical framework limits the authority of each institution to its specific jurisdiction. The church does not have the right to meddle in the affairs of individual families and ignore parental authority. Parents do not have authority to manage civil matters while circumventing government officials. And similarly, government officials have no right to interfere in ecclesiastical matters in a way that undermines or disregards the God-given authority of pastors and elders.

When any one of the three institutions exceeds the bounds of its jurisdiction it is the duty of the other institutions to curtail that overreach. Therefore, when any government official issues orders regulating worship (such as bans on singing, caps on attendance, or prohibitions against gatherings and services), he steps outside the legitimate bounds of his God-ordained authority as a civic official and arrogates to himself authority that God expressly grants only to the Lord Jesus Christ as sovereign over His Kingdom, which is the church. His rule is mediated to local churches through those pastors and elders who teach His Word (Matthew 16:18–19; 2 Timothy 3:16–4:2).

Therefore, when a government orders churches to close their doors (or when they strongly advise it), the pastors and elders of these churches should respectfully inform their civic leaders that they have exceeded their legitimate jurisdiction. Faithfulness to Christ prohibits the Christian from observing the restrictions they want to impose on their corporate worship services.

Said another way, it has never been the prerogative of civil government to order, modify, forbid, or mandate worship. When, how, and how often the church worships is not subject to Caesar. Caesar himself is subject to God. Jesus affirmed that principle when He told Pilate, “You would have no authority over Me, unless it had been given you from above” (John 19:11). And because Christ is head of the church, ecclesiastical matters pertain to His Kingdom, not Caesar’s. Jesus drew a stark distinction between those two kingdoms when He said, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s” (Mark 12:17). Our Lord Himself always rendered to Caesar what was Caesar’s, but He never offered to Caesar what belongs solely to God.

Pastors and elders, cannot hand over to earthly authorities any privilege or power that belongs solely to Christ as head of His church. Pastors and elders are the ones to whom Christ has given the duty and the right to exercise His spiritual authority in the church (1 Peter 5:1–4; Hebrews 13:7, 17)—and Scripture alone defines how and whom they are to serve (1 Corinthians 4:1–4). They have no duty to follow orders from a civil government attempting to regulate the worship or governance of the church. In fact, pastors who cede their Christ-delegated authority in the church to a civil ruler have abdicated their responsibility before their Lord and violated the God-ordained spheres of authority as much as the secular official who illegitimately imposes his authority upon the church. To make matters a little more clear we include a paragraph of Grace Community Church’s (California, US) doctrinal statement:

We teach the autonomy of the local church, free from any external authority or control, with the right of self-government and freedom from the interference of any hierarchy of individuals or organizations (Titus 1:5). We teach that it is scriptural for true churches to cooperate with each other for the presentation and propagation of the faith. Each local church, however, through its elders and their interpretation and application of Scripture, should be the sole judge of the measure and method of its cooperation. The elders should determine all other matters of membership, policy, discipline, benevolence, and government as well (Acts 15:19–31; 20:28; 1 Corinthians 5:4–7, 13; 1 Peter 5:1–4).

In short, the church, does not need the state’s permission to serve and worship the Lord as He has commanded. The church is Christ’s precious bride (2 Corinthians 11:2; Ephesians 5:23–27). She belongs to Him alone. She exists by His will and serves under His authority. He will tolerate no assault on her purity and no infringement of His headship over her. All of that was established when Jesus said, “I will build My church; and the gates of Hades will not overpower it” (Matthew 16:18).

Christ’s own authority is “far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. And [God the Father has] put all things in subjection under [Christ’s] feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church, which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all” (Ephesians 1:21–23).

Accordingly, the honour that we rightly owe our earthly governors and magistrates (Romans 13:7) does not include compliance when such officials attempt to subvert sound doctrine, corrupt biblical morality, exercise ecclesiastical authority, or supplant Christ as head of the church in any other way.

The biblical order is clear: Christ is Lord over Caesar, not vice versa. Christ, not Caesar, is head of the church. Conversely, the church does not in any sense rule the state. Again, these are distinct kingdoms, and Christ is sovereign over both. Neither church nor state has any higher authority than that of Christ Himself, who declared, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth” (Matthew 28:18).

Notice that this article is not making a constitutional argument, even though the First Amendment of the United States Constitution expressly affirms this principle in its opening words: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” A similar statement can be found in the constitutions of many other countries. The right this article is appealing to was not created by these Constitutions. It is one of those unalienable rights granted solely by God, who ordained human government and establishes both the extent and the limitations of the state’s authority (Romans 13:1–7). The argument therefore is purposely not grounded in the First Amendment or any other constitution around the world; it is based on the same biblical principles that many of these constitutions are founded upon. The exercise of true religion is a divine duty given to men and women created in God’s image (Genesis 1:26–27; Acts 4:18–20; 5:29; cf. Matthew 22:16–22). In other words, freedom of worship is a command of God, not a privilege granted by the state.

An additional point needs to be made in this context. Christ is always faithful and true (Revelation 19:11). Human governments are not so trustworthy. Scripture says, “the whole world lies in the power of the evil one” (1 John 5:19). That refers, of course, to Satan. John 12:31 and 16:11 call him “the ruler of this world,” meaning he wields power and influence through this world’s political systems (cf. Luke 4:6; Ephesians 2:2; 6:12). Jesus said of him, “he is a liar and the father of lies” (John 8:44). History is full of painful reminders that government power is easily and frequently abused for evil purposes. Politicians may manipulate statistics and the media can cover up or camouflage inconvenient truths. So a discerning church cannot passively or automatically comply if the government orders a shutdown of congregational meetings—even if the reason given is a concern for public health and safety.

The church by definition is an assembly. That is the literal meaning of the Greek word for “church”—ekklesia—the assembly of the called-out ones. A non-assembling assembly is a contradiction in terms. Christians are therefore commanded not to forsake the practice of meeting together (Hebrews 10:25)—and no earthly state has a right to restrict, delimit, or forbid the assembling of believers. Many Christians have always supported the underground church in nations where Christian congregational worship is deemed illegal by the state.

When officials restrict church attendance to a certain number, they attempt to impose a restriction that in principle makes it impossible for the saints to gather as the church. When officials prohibit singing in worship services, they attempt to impose a restriction that in principle makes it impossible for the people of God to obey the commands of Ephesians 5:19 and Colossians 3:16. When officials mandate distancing, they attempt to impose a restriction that in principle makes it impossible to experience the close communion between believers that is commanded in Romans 16:16, 1 Corinthians 16:20, 2 Corinthians 13:12, and 1 Thessalonians 5:26. In all those spheres, we must submit to our Lord.

Although Christians in America and Europe may be unaccustomed to government intrusion into the church of our Lord Jesus Christ, this is by no means the first time in church history that Christians have had to deal with government overreach or hostile rulers. As a matter of fact, persecution of the church by government authorities has been the norm, not the exception, throughout church history. “Indeed,” Scripture says, “all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will be persecuted” (2 Timothy 3:12). Historically, the two main persecutors have always been secular government and false religion. Most of Christianity’s martyrs have died because they refused to obey such authorities. This is, after all, what Christ promised: “If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you” (John 15:20). In the last of the beatitudes, He said, “Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you” (Matthew 5:11–12).

As government policy moves further away from biblical principles, and as legal and political pressures against the church intensify, Christians must recognise that the Lord may be using these pressures as means of purging to reveal the true church. Succumbing to governmental overreach may cause churches to remain closed indefinitely. How can the true church of Jesus Christ distinguish herself in such a hostile climate? There is only one way: bold allegiance to the Lord Jesus Christ.

Even where governments seem sympathetic to the church, Christian leaders have often needed to push back against aggressive state officials. In Calvin’s Geneva, for example, church officials at times needed to fend off attempts by the city council to govern aspects of worship, church polity, and church discipline. The Church of England has never fully reformed, precisely because the British Crown and Parliament have always meddled in church affairs. In 1662, the Puritans were ejected from their pulpits because they refused to bow to government mandates regarding use of the Book of Common Prayer, the wearing of vestments, and other ceremonial aspects of state-regulated worship. The British Monarch still claims to be the supreme governor and titular head of the Anglican Church.

But again: Christ is the one true head of His church, and we should honour that vital truth in all our gatherings. For that pre-eminent reason, Christians cannot accept and must not bow to the intrusive restrictions government officials want to impose on our congregation. The writers of this article offer this response without rancour, and not out of hearts that are combative or rebellious (1 Timothy 2:1–8; 1 Peter 2:13–17), but with a sobering awareness that they must answer to the Lord Jesus for the stewardship He has given to the shepherds of His precious flock.

To government officials, the writers respectfully say with the apostles, “Whether it is right in the sight of God to give heed to you rather than to God, you be the judge” (Acts 4:19). And their unhesitating reply to that question is the same as the apostles’: “We must obey God rather than men” (Acts 5:29).

Let us pray that every faithful congregation will stand united in obedience to our Lord as Christians have done through the centuries.


Many elders and pastors considered and independently consented to the original government order, not because they believed the state has a right to tell churches when, whether, or how to worship. To be clear, they believe that the original orders were just as much an illegitimate intrusion of state authority into ecclesiastical matters as they believe it is now. However, because they could not possibly have known the true severity of the virus, and because they care about people as our Lord did, they believe guarding public health against serious contagions is a rightful function of Christians as well as civil government. Therefore, they voluntarily followed the initial recommendations of their government. It is, of course, legitimate for Christians to abstain from the assembly of saints temporarily in the face of illness or an imminent threat to public health.

When the devastating lockdowns began, it was supposed to be a short-term stopgap measure, with the goal to “flatten the curve”—meaning they wanted to slow the rate of infection to ensure that hospitals weren’t overwhelmed. And there were horrific projections of death. In light of those factors, many pastors supported the measures by observing the guidelines that were issued for churches.

But they did not yield their spiritual authority to the secular government. Many said from the very start that their voluntary compliance was subject to change if the restrictions dragged on beyond the stated goal, or politicians unduly intruded into church affairs, or if health officials added restrictions that would attempt to undermine the Church’s mission. Pastors and elders made every decision with their own burden of responsibility in mind. they simply took the early opportunity to support the concerns of health officials and accommodate the same concerns among the church members, out of a desire to act in an abundance of care and reasonableness (Philippians 4:5).

But we are now more than twenty weeks into the unrelieved restrictions. It is apparent that those original projections of death were wrong and the virus is nowhere near as dangerous as originally feared. Still, roughly forty percent of the year has passed with chruches essentially unable to gather in a normal way. Pastors’ ability to shepherd their flocks has been severely curtailed. The unity and influence of the church has been threatened. Opportunities for believers to serve and minister to one another have been missed. And the suffering of Christians who are troubled, fearful, distressed, infirm, or otherwise in urgent need of fellowship and encouragement has been magnified beyond anything that could reasonably be considered just or necessary. Major public events that were planned for 2021 and 2022 are already being cancelled, signalling that officials are preparing to keep restrictions in place into next year and beyond. That forces churches to choose between the clear command of our Lord and the government officials. Therefore, following the authority of our Lord Jesus Christ, Christian, pastors and elders should gladly choose to obey Him.

Stand united in support of the biblical mandate to gather for corporate worship.


The original article was written by Grace Community Church, California, United States of America. Apologeet does not have a formal permission to use this article. Apologeet tried to get into contact with the pastors and elders but did not succeed. However, the article is such a well written piece of work that we decided to publish it anyway (with the risk of having to take it down). Apologeet adjusted the article in such a way that it is applicable to all Christians, pastors and elders (basically changing words like ‘we’ into ‘us’ or ‘Christians’). The original article can be found here:

Grace Community Church (2020) Christ, not Caesar, Is Head of the Church (A Biblical Case for the Church’s Duty to Remain Open [Internet] Available from: < https://www.gracechurch.org/news/posts/1988> [Accessed Dec 28 2021].

Series on Romans 13

Romans 13 — Thou Shalt Obey…

What to do with Romans 13:1-7 Introduction And here we are! The last episode of this series. I knew this one would come, and I have been thinking a lot about the applications of Roman 13. I am slightly nervous about making this video (only slightly). Most of what we have discussed until now was […]

Romans 13 — Thou Shalt Obey…

What I Believe Romans 13:1-7 Means Introduction I am a bit doubtful whether I should name this episode ‘What I believe Romans means’ or ‘What it definitely means’. Let’s just begin, and we’ll find out the most appropriate title along the way, okay? There is no Authority Outside God We have discovered in the fourth […]

Romans 13 — Thou Shalt Obey…

What Romans 13:1-7 Might Mean Introduction Sometimes you just want to see whether there are more possibilities than one. Welcome to episode 4 about Romans 13:1-7, in which we are going to do just that! Examining the text to see what else it might mean. We have looked at history and how our predecessors made […]

Romans 13 — Thou Shalt Obey…

What Romans 13:1-7 isn’t saying Introduction This is part three of this series about Romans 13:1-7. In part two we’ve looked at the history around this passage. We’ve seen that it strongly depends on who is in charge how we interpret this text. It is also interesting to see that, as soon as the church […]

Romans 13 — Thou Shalt Obey…

Throughout History of Romans 13:1-7 Let’s dive into the history and see what Christians throughout the ages made of this text. As I said in the introduction Romans 13 seems almost always be invoked by oppressing groups or governments. It is not often that you hear the ‘normal’ people say that we need to obey […]

Romans 13 — Thou Shalt Obey…

Introduction to Romans 13:1-7 In my last video, I asked you what I should do next. I was thinking about explaining some fine but sometimes hard to understand apologetic arguments or some videos about Romans 13. One of you actually posted this comment: @anonimous What should we do if the government is oppressing people? Should […]

And the Church Said Nothing…

Not a topic about apologetics this week. Something else got my attention.

Last week I was reading the news items concerning my home country, the Netherlands. One article triggered my attention. It was an interview with a doctor about all the measures the government took and is still taking to prevent people from getting Corona. This doctor is as far as I know not a Christian, but I might be wrong. She was pretty clear in her opinion. The measures take a bigger toll on people’s health and society in general than Corona does.

Many rights are taken away. People need to show a OR code to be able to go to restaurants and what not. The minister of health actually started to repeat the words uttered by other leaders by saying that this is now the pandemic of the un-vaccinated.

I wish I could recall where I read the article, but I can’t. Anyway, the doctor said that she was astonished with the fact that hardly any doctor spoke out against this policy. No doctors, no psychiatrists, no mainstream news outlet. And then she said it! “Even the church is quiet!” That last statement really hit hard.

Why would a secular doctor say something like that? Why didn’t she just stop at the normal secular authorities? I think I know why! It is because this doctor knows a thing or two about history. In the past—and I am not talking about the last 70 years, but rather hundreds of years—the church was always there when things got out of hand.

Last year, I already discussed the whole issue around the corona measures. In my first message I argued that the Church can’t permit being scared. Let me quote myself:i

… since when do we consider it normal to deny people social contact in the last phase of their lives? And when they die we still think it is normal denying visitors to come? Where, then, are the Christians who oppose this? Was it not the Lord Jesus Himself who touched the lepers, He who was called friend of sinners.

Later, I’ve made another video in which I openly discuss the credibility of the church and with that the message the churches ought to preach. Again, I will quote a little:ii

I believe we will do the same in ten years from now. Not much sooner, because next year the feelings and emotions about this epidemic are still too fresh. No, after about ten years we probably wonder what happened. Our answer might be one of surprise and bewilderedness. “But we’ve had lovely and professional live streams, and we encouraged each other with Zoom meetings. Yes, we actually drank tea and coffee with each other during these great Zoom meetings!”

Yes, but despite all this, the message is clear. We do not believe our own words when we preach that, in Christ there is no fear. In Christ, we stand tall. ‘For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.’ (2 Timothy 1:7).

I’ll put the link to these videos in the description below.

So, now we have arrived at that point in which people actually start to wonder why the Church is silent about all the developments around the discriminatory QR code. Last week we as a family, listened to a sermon given by David Pawson. Brother Pawson has already gone to heaven, but his message is still downloadable. He talked about the role of the Church in the second world-war. At one moment he said, and I will paraphrase him:

In the past century the Church spoke out when shouldn’t have, and we have seen the Church being silent when it had to speak.

Is this what’s happening right now? Is the Church silent while it should speak out against discrimination? Is that really the inheritance we want to leave for our children? A weak Gospel which is afraid of going against the ruling parties?

I remember when we still lived in Holland. This is years ago already. Sometimes I preached as well. A few things could not be discussed from the pulpit: Israel; Evolution/Creation; Abortion; the Occult and the Biblical view on raising children. It made the people in church feel uncomfortable. It caused to many discussions. No, rather not talk about these issues. These were things that we might discuss on the Monday evening during the Bible study. Except, we never discussed it there either. I have been in trouble several times for choosing these subjects. Well, maybe also because I wasn’t mild as well. I admit, I wasn’t paying much attention to feelings. But still, nobody else preached on these subjects. Can we now also add Corona and the QR society to the list?

And I know that there are churches who do speak out! They do no allow others to silence them. That’s wonderful! That’s what we read in the Bible. Jesus wasn’t silenced. But these churches are few, and they are frowned upon but other churches and individuals.

This is what Marcus Pittmaniii, the CEO of LOOR.tv said:

For the past 200 years, Christians have believed that things are going to get worse and worse. This faithlessness stunted the entrepreneurial spirit of American Christians. For centuries it was the faith of Christians that expected the world to last, and expected God’s blessings to be generational, that made this nation, and western civilization into the kind of place that would be able to afford to send missionaries to the rest of the world.

Christians no longer build hospitals, we don’t pioneer technological innovations, we don’t build businesses that can be used to bless our great, great, great grandchildren. We look askance when Kanye West said, “This for my kid, kid, kid, for when my kid, kid, kids have kids.”


Christians built the printing press, but instead of furthering that technology, we used the internet to build online book stores for small Christian audiences while we allowed Bezos to build Amazon. Instead of trying to take over Hollywood and use its resources to serve our neighbors and propagate the Christian worldview, we made cheesy movies that warned people to keep their eyes on the skies because the end of the world will be happening at any moment. Instead of using capital to invest in business and industry, we buried our capital in the back yard and called it stewardship.

Don’t get me wrong; I believe that Jesus will return one day. All Christians do. But I do not believe He will return to a powerless church, hiding like Gideon in the winepresses. I believe He will return victorious, having defeated every enemy (Marxists included) from the right hand of God by the power of the gospel going forth in the power of the Spirit. I believe that when Christ returns, the gospel will have reached every corner of the earth, and so with it the blessings of the gospel that always follow on its train.

Pittman wondered why we invest millions of dollars into nations that are considered to be the poorest in the world. Why we spend so much money on mission somewhere else, but at the same time very few Christians actually decide to spend their money and time in building big companies. Most all monstrous companies are in the hands of secular power hungry people. The kind of people who give donations to poor black people who are starving and then use this to propagate their own agenda.

Don’t get me wrong! I work as missionary, and I depend on gifts for my whole income. So, keep on giving. But! There is nothing wrong with being influential. Nothing wrong with having a position in which you can actually push your ideals. The secular world is doing it and the Church is just quietly doing her thing! Not to loud because we might disturb our secular neighbour in his sleep. Not to loud because our church members might start to feel anxious.

I am making this video in both the English and Dutch language. I am not going to make it into a Bible study. No, I am not going to explain God’s word to you and how this fits in with a pro-active church. You do your homework! Question the pastor and elders in your church. Where are you standing in history? What is your church going to communicate to the world? Are the words of the doctor I started with applicable to you? Or are you speaking out against unjust, discriminatory rules. Are you and your church still credible and relevant to the world around you?

What I have seen in the last year isn’t very ensuring. But as I said! I have also seen some remarkable courage among Christians and churches. I am looking forward to Jesus’ return. Until then, I hope we can work together and really build His kingdom in a world that is rapidly running away from it. It’s time to remember we are not called to put our trust in governments and big industries. Governments and industries that all ran away from Christ and mostly serve themselves, and in doing so, creating a life-destroying world. No we need to remember that we serve a victorious King. A king who called us to be the light of the world.

We need a faith that believes that Christ saves you from sin and hell, but also believes that salvation inspires you to transform the world now.”iv


i J. Hofmann, (30-07-2020), Christians Dealing with the Corona Crisis, [Online video] https://odysee.com/@apologeet:3/christians-dealing-with-the-corona:5 [accessed 02-11-2021].

ii J. Hofmann, (27-09-2020), Is the Church Losing Her Credibility? [Online video] https://odysee.com/@apologeet:3/christians-dealing-with-the-corona:5 [accessed 02-11-2021].

iii M. Pittman, (28-10-2021), An Eschatology of Victory, [internet] https://news.gab.com/2021/10/28/an-eschatology-of-victory/ [accessed 02-11-2021].

iv Ibid.

The two previous videos I’ve made about this topic:

Christians dealing with Corona (Video)

Christians dealing with Corona (Page)

Is the Church Losing Her credibility? (Video)

Is the Church Losing Her credibility? (Page)

Recommende playlist



The Church of Surinam


Not a Virus, but a Weakened Immune System, is the Greatest Threat to Public Health

This article comes from: (https://www.hpdetijd.nl)
dr. Carla Peeters (https://www.hpdetijd.nl/auteurs/dr-carla-peeters/)
Translated by Jurgen Hofmann, 21-09-2021

Several scientific studies have now shown that immunity after a natural infection gives a better protection than immunity after Covid-19-vaccination. Natural immunity may well be necessary to build up full protection in the population, writes immunologist dr. Carla Peeters.

By now, the vulnerable and at-risk groups in most western countries have been vaccinated with one of the four ‘Under Emergency Admission’ (EUA) licensed Covid-19 vaccines. Remarkably, in the countries with the highest vaccination coverage (Israel1, Iceland2 and England3) high numbers of positive tests (also called ‘infections’,4) are detected. It also appears, contrary to expectations, that people, who have been vaccinated twice, can be tested positive, can carry a high viral load. The can also possibly transmit the virus5 and end up in hospital6 themselves. The Israeli doctor Kobi Havi indicates on Channel 13 News that 85 to 90 % of seriously ill people in hospital are fully vaccinated. The effectiveness of vaccinations appears to be declining or disappearing. The ‘one size fits all’ approach can become a dead-end when the current one-sided strategy on one virus is anxiously continued.

In England, several immunologists are speaking out about the danger of a weakened immune system in the population, increasing the risk of infections and chronic diseases7. As a result of the lockdowns and the measures—such as keeping one and a half metre8 and the wearing of masks9—the immune system may have become less effective than before the pandemic. Children and adults have had less contact with other viruses and bacteria, so the immune system is less challenged and therefore less trained. In addition, factors such as altered diet and lifestyle, exposure to toxic substances through the frequent use of disinfectants and masks, and the increase in stress, play an important role. The use of medication has also increased during the corona pandemic. In the Netherlands, the CBS reports that the mental health is the lowest since the last 20 years during the first quarter of 2021. Nivel reports10 that the use of psychopharmaceuticals among young people, aged 15 to 24, increased in the first quarter in 2021. This was previously seen in England and the United States. From the psychoneuro-immunology it is known that, mental health plays an important role in a correct functioning immune system. The long duration of the measures can weaken the innate and adaptive immune system. (See box at the bottom of this page for explanation).

Well-functioning immune system crucial for health

The ability of the total immune system to function effectively and efficiently is crucial when the body is confronted with foreign substances, pathogens or, for example, cancer cells. It is equally important for a successful responds with a good immunity (protection) after vaccination.

Studies on the effectiveness of the influenza vaccine have already shown that older people cannot always respond effectively11 on the influenza vaccine. There is often an ageing immune system in older people. This is referred to as immunosenescence. This can result in that, despite vaccination, no good protection can be generated. A study, conducted in Norway, among one hundred deceased, frail, elderly shortly after a Covid-19 vaccination12 shows that the vaccine probably played a role in ten of the deceased and possibly in 26. In addition to old people, people with chronic diseases such as rheumatism, MS or those who had an organ transplantation may have a weakened immunity. A significant proportion of the people with chronic diseases, who participated in a Dutch research, turned out not to be able13, 14 to initiate a good antibody-response after two vaccinations, with one of the four Covid-19 vaccines. In the meantime a start has been made to offer this group a third vaccination. The results of this are not yet known. Because the immune system in this group does not function optimally and the same vaccine is used for this third injection, no great improvements are to be expected. The EMA and ECDC consider a third booster for healthy groups not to be urgently needed15.

A vaccination is not the same as good protection

Vaccination does not lead to good protection in every person. The majority of people who are currently vaccinated do not know whether they have built up antibodies and/or T-cell immunity This is not measured. It is also possible that a good immunity has already been built up without vaccination due to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus or an earlier infection (with a different Corona virus) that may or may not (asymptomatic) have been noticed16. A study, published in Nature, showed that, seventeen years after a natural infection with the SARS-CoV-1 virus, protective T-cell cross-reactivity for the SARS-CoV-2 virus could be demonstrated17. Fifteen scientific studies have now shown that immunity following natural infection gives a better protection18 than immunity after Covid-19-vaccination. An Israeli study showed a 27x less chance of reinfection and eight times less chance19 on hospitalisation compared to a vaccination.

Another recently published study20 also showed better immunity after natural infection. This may have to do with the fact that a natural infection trickers a broader immune response against a larger variety of viral coated proteins. A reduction in the efficacy of the innate and adaptive immune systems (see box) may also occur after an injection with one of the mRNA vaccines, which in turn leads to an increased risk of a more severe course of subsequent infections, as shown by a not yet peer-reviewed publication21 to which Dutch scientists also contributed.

Even before the Covid-19 vaccines were on the market, there was talk of a possible danger from Antibody Dependent Enhancement, a well-known phenomenon that was observed during the development of previous corona vaccines. This means that the body makes antibodies but is unable to neutralise the virus, whereby binding to the antibodies present in the cell, making it easier for the virus to replicate more easily. This is considered by various scientists as a possible explanation22 of the reinfections observed after vaccination. Research by the Mayo Clinic and Boston University shows that the efficacy decreased six months after the second injection with the Pfizer vaccine23 from 76% to 42% and with Moderna from 86% to 76%.

Although politicians around the world are talking about a third injection24 with the same vaccine, scientists in Iceland, England and the USA are reluctant to do so. Natural immunity may be needed to build up full protection in the population. The virus is now endemic and has a survival rate for people under 69 years of age25 99.410 % and in young people under 19 years of age more than 99,997 %. Moreover, there are no published scientific studies to show that a third vaccination actually adds value. Because of a shortage of vaccines, the WHO wants vaccines, released under the EUA, be made available for countries where hardly any vaccinations have been carried out so far

The antibodies induced by the vaccines appear to decrease after six months26. The fact that antibodies are not measurable does not always mean that people are no longer immune. It seems that after a natural infection, even though antibodies cannot be measured in the blood, antibody-producing B cells can still be detected in the bone marrow, which indicates the possibility of a rapid response reaction27 after reinfection. A survey among healthcare workers at the Cleveland clinic showed that vaccinating people who have already gone through a natural infection is nonsensical28.

Impending tsunami of hospital admissions is preventable

Some English immunologists have explained that the large increase in hospital admissions with RSV infections (common cold virus) in children in South Wales and Wales and Australia may be a result of lockdowns that have suppressed the normal function of the immune system. An increase of the RSV virus in children29 and people with fungus in their lungs in the ICU was reported in the Netherlands and Belgium30. These are infections that occur rarely and only in people with very weak immune systems. As the pressure increases through lockdowns, measures and large-scale vaccinations targeting a protein of the virus, the more likely it is that mutations will occur in the virus that could make it more dangerous for vulnerable groups. The immunity induced by the vaccine does not appear to be sufficiently effective to stop the mutant virus (Delta variant) in all people.

According to various experts, it is much better, now that a large part of society has already been vaccinated, like Denmark and Iceland, to lift all measures and let the virus wander. This would simultaneously build up natural immunity and strengthen the immune system. Vaccination-mandates with an experimental vaccine and accompanying passports cannot provide the broad protection for a strong immune system that is also effective against other viruses. Moreover, the knowledge about resilience of a natural immunity after an infection and/or through cross-reactivity with other (corona) viruses is undermined by a vaccination passport, certainly because it is now known from studies that have already shown that the risk of reinfection in vaccinated persons is greater. A focus on vaccinations with (in)direct obligations creates an unjustified and not scientifically account for the division in society. Above all, with the already shortage of healthcare staff, continuing along the same path is an invitation to an all-destroying tsunami. Not only by Covid-19, much more likely by other pathogens caused serious infections and sharp increase in cancer, cardiovascular disease and depression. The immune system is in fact also involved in the prevention of chronic diseases.

The government would do well to provide, at least children, the elderly, vulnerable groups of people on welfare, immigrants, and health care workers with a basic amount of vitamin D, which many scientific studies have shown that it strengthens the innate and adaptive immunity31. In this way, unnecessary illnesses and hospitalisations due to vitamin D deficiencies in healthcare can be prevented and better protection from infections or from vaccinations can be realised. It is always better to achieve a goal via multiple ways32.

Explanation innate and adaptive immune system

(Partly taken from an interview by Nieuws.nl33 with Dr. Carla Peeters).

The innate immune system is the first and not specific defence mechanism. It stops all potential pathogenic organisms. This system is formed by physical barriers, such as skin, saliva and mucous membranes. In many cases this is sufficient to stop a pathogen or foreign substance from entering the body. It is only switched over to the adaptive immune system when the pathogen is able to break through the first barrier. Cells from the innate immune system present the fragments of the pathogen or foreign substance to B cells and T cells of the adaptive immune system. The B cells ensure the release of antibodies. The antibodies formed move freely in the blood and can bind foreign pathogens. The pathogen-antibody complex is then broken down and eliminated by macrophages, among others. There are also T cells that directly aim on pathogens that have entered cells. They can help to destroy these infected cells and, on the other hand, reinforce the antibody response by B cells and at the same time keep them in check. The B and T cells can develop into memory cells and are activated much faster than with the first infection. The memory results in an increased response of antibodies, often with a stronger binding to a protein of the pathogen and a broader response against multiple fragments of the protein (epitope). This will increase the chance that the pathogen will be cleared effectively and quickly. You can see this in natural infections and also vaccinations. The chance that you will become ill by an infection decreases.


1. (https://ourworldindata.org/vaccination-israel-impact)
2. (https://www.covid.is/data)
3. (https://theexpose.uk/2021/07/29/87-percent-covid-deaths-are-vaccinated-people/)
4. (https://www.hpdetijd.nl/2020-12-08/waarom-het-nieuwe-massatestbeleid-niet-deugt/)
5. (https://www.cbsnews.com/news/covid-vaccine-delta-variant-infections-carry-same-virus-load-unvaccinated/)
6. (https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.07.31.21261387v1)
7. (https://www.express.co.uk/life-style/health/1412658/Virus-fears-uk-winter-flu-immune-system-nhs)
8. (https://www.hpdetijd.nl/2020-07-05/stop-met-anderhalve-meter-afstand-en-het-verplicht-dragen-van-mondkapjes/)
9. (https://www.hpdetijd.nl/2021-06-13/waarom-de-mondkapjesplicht-per-direct-afgeschaft-moet-worden/)
10. (https://www.nivel.nl/nl/nieuws/toename-voorschrijven-psychofarmaca-aan-jongeren-tijdens-tweede-lockdown)
11. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3061971/pdf/nihms250)
12. (https://www.bmj.com/content/373/bmj.n1372)
13. (https://amazingerasmusmc.com/infectie/onderzoek-naar-covid-19-vaccins-bijkwetsbare-patienten-van-start/)
14. (https://www.skipr.nl/nieuws/veel-patienten-met-verzwakte-afweer-onbeschermd-door-vaccins/)
15. (https://www.skipr.nl/nieuws/ema-beoordeelt-aanvullende-prik-met-pfizer-vaccin/)
16. (https://www.bmj.com/content/370/bmj.m3563)
17. (https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2550-z)
18. (https://www.theblaze.com/op-ed/horowitz-15-studies-that-indicate-natural-immunity-from-prior-infection-is-more-robust-than-the-covid-vaccines#toggl)
19. (https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.08.24.21262415v1)
20. (https://www.science.org/content/article/having-sars-cov-2-once-confers-much-greater-immunity-vaccine-vaccination-remains-vital)
21. (https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.05.03.21256520v1)
22. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8351274/)
23. (https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.08.06.21261707v1.full.pdf)
24. (https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7034e3.htm?s_cid=mm7034e3_w)
25. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327471/pdf/main.pdf)
26. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327471/pdf/main.pdf)
27. (https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03647-4)
28. (https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.06.01.21258176v2)
29. (https://www.nieuwsblad.be/cnt/dmf20151127_01992372)
30. (https://www.fto.nu/nieuws/id220260-invasieve-schimmelinfecties-bij-influenza-en-covid-19.html)
31. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8052476/)
32. (https://www.hpdetijd.nl/2020-08-11/9-manieren-om-corona-te-voorkomen/)
33. (https://nieuws.nl/lifestyle/20210429/het-versterken-van-het-immuunsysteem-is-veel-effectiever-in-het-voorkomen-van-infecties-dan-alle-maatregelen/)


This article comes from: (https://www.hpdetijd.nl)
dr. Carla Peeters (https://www.hpdetijd.nl/auteurs/dr-carla-peeters/)
Translated by Jurgen Hofmann, 21-09-2021

Is the Church Losing Her Credibility?

Yes, you heard it right. I am worried about the credibility of the church and with that the message the churches ought to preach.

Before I continue, I would like to say that when I talk about Christians and the church I tend to talk about ‘we’ and us’. This is because I believe that we cannot divide the church in partitions like you do with your hard-drive in your computer. The Christian church is the body of Christ. No matter what kind of church you are attending, if you confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, that He died and rose again on the third day, that He is the only way to God the Father, and that He is the only One through whom we can be forgiven, than you are part of universal or catholic church. Mind you, catholic means ‘universal’, so we are not talking about the Roman catholic church here. So, again, I refuse to distance myself from my brothers and sisters in Christ! And thus I talk about ‘we’ and ‘us’.

Also, you should know that I hesitated for a long time whether I should make this video or not. This is not because of the message, but much more because of my position as a missionary. As missionaries we kind of live a visible life – we are looked at from all sides. There is a good chance that some of our supporters may not agree with this message. This also means that there is a chance that some may take offense. I would regret that since I believe that, despite different views, we belong to the same body of Christ. If you have trouble with your little toe you could cut it off, but it is better to find out what is causing the trouble. It might not be inflammation, it might be something else.

Anyway, in July 2020, I already said that Christians are way too quick to hide. I seemed to me that many of us forgot about their own message that, they, who are in Christ, do not have to worry or to be afraid. We have seen examples in the past of bold Christians who stood up for that what is right. They stayed behind in cities to take care of the ill and deceased, often with the risk of losing their own lives. They both talked the talk and walked the walk. They actually did what they preached. Like Jesus, touching the lepers and eating with sinners. .

But now we’ve arrived in September 2020. The virus has become political, or maybe it has been political from the beginning, I’ll let you decide about that. New scientific findings — already known in February 2020 — show that this virus is not as lethal as many feared. Yes, it can be a nasty critter, but mostly for those who already have a health-issue to deal with. For the vast majority of the people the results are varying between no symptoms, a dripping nose to a flu-like attack.

So what do we do with church meetings? Have we ever closed the doors because of a severe flu epidemic, like the one in 2017/2018? Did we ever restrain from singing God’s glory because there might be a Joe or Mary with a dripping nose close by? But now, we’re acting like terrified puppies, afraid of getting a beating from the big dogs.

Who are these big dogs?

  • The government;
  • the people who say that you’re an idiot when you say you are not afraid;
  • the people who rather stay home than going to church because they want to be a witness to the world;
  • the do-gooders, the people who want you to belief that they do it “not for themselves, but for the other!”;
  • educated people who can not imagine that the media or the government would blow this whole thing out of proportion;
  • educated people who know all about these things, and when you hear them talk it is like listening to the mainstream news broadcasts. Yes, some of them know so much and are regarded as the intelligent brothers in church. Still, they repeat information given on television, way back in February. And when you confront them with more up to date information, they say they’ve not heard that before.

Who is the big dog?

So, to put some things in perspective. Let me summarise the Dutch figures from the last few years during the flu seasons:i

  • 2014/2015 Duration flu epidemic 21 weeks. Excess mortality 8.600
  • 2015/2016 Duration flu epidemic 11 weeks. Excess mortality 3.900
  • 2016/2017 Duration flu epidemic 18 weeks. Excess mortality 7.503
  • 2017/2018 Duration flu epidemic 15 weeks. Excess mortality 9.444
  • 2018/2019 Duration flu epidemic 12 weeks Excess mortality 3.124
  • 2019/2020 Duration flu epidemic 2 weeks. Excess mortality 404 (Corona-deaths 6.200)

I see churches who are taking care of all the advises the government is giving. Following advice is okay. But hold on! Nope, we are going to do more than that because we want to be an example for the neighbourhood. Excuse me? What example is that? Is it to show everyone how obedient you are towards the government, or towards the media. How sensitive you are for criticism. Or are you setting an example to show people that it is okay to be very much afraid. Is it normal that someone, who didn’t see me for 2,5 years, hugged me and received a comment from a brother, telling him not to do that in front of the church building (in the Netherlands we call this a ‘Grapperhaussie’). Who are we following? Are we actually running for Pope? Or are we really following Jesus… You know, the One Who is still worthy to be praised. How would we react if Jesus walked into our church and just shook everyone’s hand and even hugged some of us? What would we say to Him if He started loudly singing Psalms to the glory of God? Maybe we can’t believe that He really is who He says He is else He would have adapted a little more to our ways, right?

I really believe this is more than a natural event. Don’t take me wrong! I know the virus is real! But in the West we tend to forget about the lord of darkness. Satan is quick to use these kinds of situations for his own benefit. Before I go into that, I tell you what I think is going to happen in the future.

We have seen periods in the last 60 years were people became less motivated to go to church. Every time this happened we analysed it some years later. Oh bother! It is because of the music, or the sermons are not practical enough, or people are disappointed etcetera.

I believe we will do the same in ten years from now. Not much sooner, because next year the feelings and emotions about this epidemic are still too fresh. No, after about ten years we probably wonder what happened. Our answer might be one of surprise and bewilderedness. But we’ve had lovely and professional live streams, and we encouraged each other with Zoom meetings. Yes, we actually drank tea and coffee with each other during these great Zoom meetings!”

Yes, but despite all this, the message is clear. We do not believe our own words when we preach that, in Christ there is no fear. In Christ, we stand tall. “For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.”(2 Timothy 1:7).

  • Boy! Were we afraid!
  • Nope, no power in our meetings, no singing, no lifting high the name of the Lord.
  • Yes, we did love. We mostly loved to obey emotional and inconsistent rules, which, by the way, were not rules but advises.
  • And then lastly we lost our sound minds. We believed all the propaganda on television. We believed the fear-mongering headlines in the newspapers. And we were quick to say that all other sounds, even those coming from professionals, were the sounds of conspiracy thinkers. Why? Because we wanted to belief that the government is honest. We wanted to belief that the ministers are not afraid to admit their mistakes. And since our ministers are so extremely honest we rather belief that all the doctors, virologists, biologists and all other ‘ists’ are in fact nothing more than a bunch of crazy people.

So, with this last point we have, in fact, also abandoned the idea that we live in a fallen world. How else do we explain the unlimited trust we’ve had in our leaders, news channels and newspapers.

Anyway, back to the spiritual factor of this event. The virus is real and like I said, it can be a nasty critter. The whole panic caused by this virus was logical in the beginning. We didn’t know what was coming. The virus is a new mutation of the old SARS-CoV-1 from 2003. The one from 2003 had a mortality rate or ‘infection fatality rate’ of about 9%. Now, nine months later, we are still frantic. But, now we cannot longer hide behind ignorance. Now we know what is going on… At least if you do your research and when you don’t solely trust the mainstream media. In February some experts still thought Covid-19 had a median infection fatality rate of about 3%.ii Since then this figure dropped to an average of 0,26%iii and for people under 70 some even say this to be around 0,04%.iv

So, what is keeping us from coming together again? What is keeping us from singing God’s glory, from listening to His word and from having genuine fellowship! I believe that satan is laughing his head of. Wonderful to see all those powerless Christians. The longer he can stretch the time of fear the better it is for his main work… Destroying the church of Christ.

No worries, Satan will not succeed. When Christ comes back to this earth He will find His church, His bride. Do I say that I think Jesus is coming back next year? No, I have no idea when Jesus will return. Jesus told us just to be ready for it. I do believe however that the church, the body of Christ, is going through periods of cleansing. When I say that Satan will not succeed, I mean that the real body of Christ will endure. Paul says that in the last days people will be lovers of themselves, and: “[they are] holding to a form of outward godliness (religion), although they have denied its power” 2 Timothy 3: 5.

Did your hear that last part? “they have denied its power.” And the thing that worries me is what Paul says a little further: “But they will not get very far, for their meaningless nonsense and ignorance will become obvious to everyone” 2 Timothy 3: 9. Is this how people will look at the church? Will they see our testimony as meaningless? I sure do not hope so and it is not what Paul tried to say. He describes church-goers in Timothy’s time with terrible moral ideas. Overall we do not see that today. Many of the people who leave the church and with that, faith — some hold on to faith, but most don’t — will do so with fancy words. They often still hold a form of outward godliness. These will be the so-called Christians who, with their actions and ideas, tarnish the image of the real church. Even though it’s obvious to everyone, they still will find itchy ears.

As you may hear, I deal with both the natural and rational matters in the same way as the spiritual. The attack of the evil one will seldom take place without a tangible event. Satan is the father of lies.v He will do everything he can to maintain ignorance. The more people stay away, the more people who are angry about the situation, the more people who live in fear, the better it is for his cause. My desire is that we, as the body of Christ, look up to Him from whom we can expect everything. The crisis we are in right now is really not that big. It is nothing compared to the crisis that our brothers and sisters have experienced in the past or that many of them are experiencing in other countries right now. How did they and how do they endure? They have learned to look forward to the future with joy in their hearts. We too must look at Jesus, Who says in revelation: “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End. ‘Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and may go through the gates into the city” Revelation 22: 13-14 (AMP).

Can we please go back to normal?

  • Back to that time when we just continued worshipping God, even when we were in the flu season.
  • The time people just used their common sense and stayed home when they were sick.
  • The time when you told someone that you didn’t want to greet them with a kiss because you had a cold.
  • The time, we as Christians massively accompanied a brother or sister when they lost someone.
  • The time Christians still visited their sick brothers and sisters.
  • The time we greeted each-other with a hand shake because we trusted that the other person washed his or her hands after going to the toilet.
  • And finally, can we please go back to the time when we were real witnesses of the powerful Gospel as taught in the Bible. It would be nice to show our neighbours the love of Jesus through real social interaction, just like Jesus did.


i RIVM, Monitoring sterftecijfers Nederland, 10 September 2020, Website accessed on 16 September 2020, https://www.rivm.nl/monitoring-sterftecijfers-nederland.

ii Borger, P. The Corona crisis was expected, but nothing was done, 21 March 2020, Website accessed on 21 September 2020, https://www.apologeet.nl/en/corona_was_expected/.
Borger, P., A SARS-like Coronavirus was Expected, but nothing was done to be Prepared, 29 April 2020, Website accessed on 25 September 2020, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/341120750_A_SARS-like_Coronavirus_was_Expected_but_nothing_was_done_to_be_Prepared.

iii Sanchez, F., CDC: Coronavirus Fatality Rate 0.26%, 8-15x Lower than Estimates, 27 May 2020, Website accessed on 15 September 2020, http://www.fccoop.org/?p=10552.
Mora, E., Doctor to Senators: Coronavirus Fatality Rate 10 to 40x Lower than Estimates that Led to Lockdowns,7 May 2020, Website accessed on 15 September 2020, https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2020/05/07/doctor-to-senators-coronavirus-fatality-rate-10-to-40x-lower-than-estimates-that-led-to-lockdowns/).

iv Ioannidis, J. P.A., The infection fatality rate of COVID-19 inferred from seroprevalence data, 13 May 2020, Websites accessed on 15 September 2020, https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.05.13.20101253v2.full.pdf,

v John 8: 44 “You are of your father the devil, and it is your will to practice the desires [which are characteristic] of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks what is natural to him, for he is a liar and the father of lies and half-truths.” (AMP).