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CSE-103 Class 2 Notes


CSE-103 Class 2 Notes

CSE 103 - Class 2

Lies in the text books

1859 Darwin's book written
most scientists disagreed with Darwin
higher critics within the church at the time disagreeing with the age of the earth

in 1874 Othniel Charles Marsh collected bones all over the world for Harvard
assembled bones and put them in an order that he thought made sense
Eohippus 18 pairs of ribs
Mesohippus 15 pairs of ribs
Merychippus 19 pairs of ribs
Equus 18 pairs of ribs
like changing a car from 4 to 3 tires - lots of changes needed to function without that set of ribs
balance, running, end of nervous system
large variety of horses alive today
"Many examples commonly cited, such as the evolution of the horse family or of sabertooth 'tigers' can be readily shown to have been unintentionally falsified and not to be really orthogenetic"
Evolutionary Determinism and the fossil Record

Modern horses found under ancient horses
Hyracotherium same as Hyrax still alive today in Turkey
No relation to horse

Dan Hicks asked Tulsa zoo why they were keeping the display up
they responded they did not have funding to remove it
he had to get 2000 signatures to get it removed
it would take 1 signature to remove a Christian scene from a public zoo

Icons of Evolution - book great for showing everything that has been proved wrong in textbooks

evolution of a fork

take words - cat cot dot dog
change one letter at a time to change a cat to a dog
dose not mean that they are related

National geographic
October 1999 - Breaking News Archaeoraptor missing link found
January 2000 - Oops it was a fraud

Archaeoraptor - greatest embarrassment
Archaeopteryx -
Dr Alan Feduccia, a world authority on birds at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and an evolutionist says
"Paleontologists have tried to turn Archaeopteryx into an earth-bound, feathered dinosaur. But it"s not. It is a bird, a perching bird. And no amount of "paleobabble" is going to change that."
Every intermediate stage of evolution must be superrior than the original. Each stage also has to be able to survive.
If dino's turned to birds at one point they would have half wing half arm and wouldn't be able to walk or fly.

Ways to counter evolution
1.educate all the students - grass roots - unstoppable
2.educate the teachers - most good just don't know better
3.legislation - pass laws - not as good - laws are not followed anyway

Archaeo - ancient , teryx - wing
ancient wing
birds foot has claw coming out of back to grasp branches
birds that spend most of their time on the ground don't spend much time in the trees and vice versa
radical changes in the foot
1861 first archaeopteryx found
1859 - Darwin's book
Monarchy's being over thrown
bible says honor the king-
bible was an obstacle
slavery still in America
Darwin saying there are superior races
Whites over blacks
Hitler - Norwegians over Jews
12 birds have claws on wings
The hoatzin of South America has claws when it is young, which it uses to climb trees. The touraco of Africa also has claws. And if you have ever seen an ostrich close up, you might have noticed that it has three claws on each wing that the animal can use them if it is attacked.
Hoatzin - stink bird - defense mechanism
does not fly far
Shallow breast bone
birds use muscles in chest to fly - bigger muscles - longer flight
eats leaves - no teeth
swallows rocks to grind leaves up in stomach
When born has claws to climb trees
2 birds have teeth
Archaeopteryx and hesperornis
some fish have teeth - some don't
some reptiles have teeth - some don't
some mammals have teeth - some don't
some humans have teeth - some don't
how is loosing teeth evolution? Isn't that the opposite of evolution?

Scales are made of keratin
so are feathers, finger nails, hair, horns, and hooves
What does that prove? Nothing
The person that designed it decided it could be used for multiple purposes
scales and feathers develop from different areas on chromosome
scales are just folded hard parts of skin
Scales are different from feathers
"At the morphological level feathers are traditionally considered homologous with reptilian scales. However, in development, morphogenesis, gene structure, protein shape and sequence, and filament formation and structure, feathers are different. Clearly, feathers provide a unique and outstanding example of an evolutionary novelty"
A.H. Brush, "On the origin of feathers," Journal of Evolutionary Biology 9 (1996): 131-142.

lungs very different
we have 2 lungs - diaphragm pulls air in and out
birds need more oxygen - their lungs have lots of tubes
how many changes are there to get from a reptile to a bird set of lungs
modern birds found in layers said to be 130 million years old
Archaeopteryx said to be 65 million years old
western Colorado - 140 MY old bird remains
archaeologists agree that Archaeopteryx does not fit evolutionary scheme
142 MY old bird found in China
they could not have evolved from dinosaurs
birds have a 4 chambered heart
most reptiles have 3 chambered heart
reptiles heart mixes blood from lungs with blood from rest of body - they don't need as much oxygen
birds/humans have 100% of the blood from the body go through the lungs first before going through the body again
possible petrified dinosaur heart found with 4 chambers
reptile eggs are leathery - break easily
birds have hard eggs
Icons of Evolution - book
Swanson from the British Museum of Natural History - No evidence for evolution of birds

"Evolution is unproved and unprovable. We believe it only because the only alternative is special creation which is unthinkable." (Keith, Arthur, forward to 100th anniversary edition of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species, 1959)
creation is also unprovable
why is evolution taught in public schools

Name one advancement that has been made because of the evolutionary theory.
Lots of money is spent by NASA trying to prove evolution - how did evolution advance astronomy?
botany teacher - Pigkouche (?)
30 years teaching plants - received $655,000 to study evolution of plants
Asked what is the best evidence you have for evolution
answered the fossil evidence from whales
botanist thinks paleontologists have the evidence, paleontologists thinks archaeologist have the evidence, archaeologist think botanist has evidence.
Its a shell game but no one has the pea

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin - catholic priest mostly responsible for Piltdown hoax
convinced most of the catholic church that evolution is a reasonable theory
"(Evolution) is a general postulate to which all theories, all hypotheses, all systems must henceforward bow and which they must satisfy in order to be thinkable and true. Evolution is a light which illuminates all facts, a trajectory which all lines of thought must follow?this is what evolution is.?

Dean H. Kenyon is Professor Emeritus of Biology at San Francisco State University
was evolutionist and was converted to creationist and wrote book talking about intelligent design
was fired from the university - rehired because he had ten year - made lab assistant

2 Thessalonian 2:11-12
[11] And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:
[12] That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.